Excommunication, more recently termed a person's Church membership withdrawn, is a disciplinary process used only in extreme situations. Apostasy can result in ex-communication, being defined by the church as rebellion, overt criticism of the Church, or fighting against the Church. Excommunication is not only a medieval and theologically barbaric practice but also one of dubious utility. It doesn’t come from the example of Jesus. It also doesn’t work. That the church continues to excommunicate vocal members especially and protects sexual predators is a hot shelf item.

Profiles with excommunication on their "shelf":

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